Nurses and nursing students are constantly bombarded with "things you should know". In reality most nurse's brains feel like they're about to explode with system overload!!
So we have developed these quick references for things that every nurse should know, so you can understand the basics.
1. Respiratory Patterns
Five abnormal breathing patterns you can be observed as symptoms of many diseases.
In diabetic ketoacidosis and metabolic acidosis you may observe the Kussmaul breathing pattern, which is characterized by deep and labored breathing. Cheyne-Stokes breathing, which is present in severe neurological and cardiac diseases, is characterized by periods of hyperventilation followed by apnea. Biot’s respiration, is the quick and shallow respirations followed by periods of apnea.
Tachypnea is an abnormal breathing pattern characterized rapid breathing. Bradypnea is a slow breathing pattern.